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Shoulder Pain – Symptoms, Causes & Treatment

Shoulder Pain Symptoms

Shoulder pain refers to any form of pain felt in the shoulder or around the shoulder joint. The shoulder joint is the most mobile joint in the human body, including four tendons that have the function of holding the muscle to the bone. Its complexity can create a host of painful conditions, being one of the most common reasons for visiting a doctor’s office. Studies report that over three million people a year seek medical help for shoulder and upper arm strains and sprains.

Any swelling, inflammation, tearing, or bony changes around the tendons in the shoulder causes pain when a person tries to move the arm upwards, backward, straight out, or in front.

Shoulder Pain Causes

Due to the complexity of the region, an accurate diagnosis of the cause of shoulder pain is crucial to effective treatment. The most common cause of shoulder pain is bursitis or rotator cuff tendonitis. Shoulder pain might also occur due to a number of other causes. These include a rotator cuff tear, which occurs when the tendons of the rotator cuff separate from the joint and frozen shoulder, a condition that causes stiffness to the joint. Calcific tendonitis is a state where calcium deposits in the rotator cuff tendon, causing significant pain.

Shoulder instability or dislocation, where the top of the arm bone becomes disconnected from the scapula, is also a significant cause of musculoskeletal pain that is problematic for many people. A bicep tendon rupture occurs when the tendon of the bicep muscle ruptures near the joint.

Pinched nerves, labral tears, a SLAP lesion, angina, shingles, arthritis, and referred pain are the other common causes of shoulder pain. As with any of the major joints of the body, osteoarthritis can become prevalent with age.

Shoulder Pain Treatment

If the shoulder pain is of musculoskeletal origin, in the shoulder joint itself, intra-articular injections with a steroid or injections with hyaluronic acid are usually recommended.

If the pain is caused by trigger points, commonly known as ‘knots’, in the muscle groups of the shoulder area, trigger point injections are an effective pain management treatment. Botox injections have also proved effective in trigger point pain relief around the body

Finally, if the pain is due to a condition with the suprascapular nerve that runs from the neck and through the shoulder, nerve blocks or pulsed radiofrequency can be considered.

Hip Pain – Symptoms, Causes & Treatment

What is Hip Pain?

Hip pain is any form of pain in or around the hip joint. Hip pain is not always felt directly over the hip. Instead, it may be felt in the middle of the thigh or in the groin. Similarly, pain in the hip might actually be a sign of a problem in the back, rather than in the hip itself.

Hip Pain Causes

To direct appropriate treatment at the underlying problem, it is very important that the main causative factor or hip pain is correctly diagnosed. There are normally two main causes of hip pain – fractures and insufficient blood flow to the hip.

Some of the more specific causes of hip pain include arthritis, trochanteric bursitis, tendonitis, osteonecrosis, lumbar pain, overuse injuries, snapping hip syndrome, bone cancer, and infection.

Bursitis of the hip is one of the most common causes of hip pain. A bursa is a closed fluid-filled sac that functions as a gliding surface to reduce friction between tissues of the body. When the bursa becomes inflamed, the condition is referred to as bursitis.

There are two major bursae of the hip, both of which can cause stiffness and pain around the hip joint. Known as the trochanteric bursa and the ischial bursa, these cause tenderness in the outer hip and dull pain in the upper buttock area, respectively.

Hip Pain Treatment

We offer intra-articular steroid injectionsviscosupplement injections (with or without steroid), trochanteric bursae injections, obturator nerve blocks, and obturator pulsed radiofrequency.

Top 5 Back Pain Causes And Treatments

Here we outline some of the various types of back pain, their possible causes, and treatment options available.

 

Condition – Muscle strain/Ligament strains

Cause – Moving too quickly or in awkward positions, forceful movements, causing muscles to tear or sprain

Treatment – Rest, massage, and ice to reduce inflammation

 

Condition – Degenerated Disc

Cause – General wear and tear and excessive repetitive movements, make discs susceptible to injury

Treatment – Physical therapy rehabilitation, gentle activity, Pilates, minimally invasive pain management procedures, and pain relief medication

 

Condition – Herniated disc (often referred to as prolapsed disc or even slipped disc)

Cause – Trauma, heavy lifting, bad posture, and other factors (including genetics and high BMI)

Treatment – Physical therapy rehabilitation, gentle activity, Pilates, minimally invasive pain procedures, and surgery if rehabilitation does not work.

 

Condition – Osteoarthritis

Cause – Deterioration of cartilage over a prolonged period of time

Treatment – Anti-inflammatory medication, physical therapy rehabilitation, exercise, weight control, and minimally invasive pain management procedures.

 

Condition – Fibromyalgia

Cause – Neurological cause including widespread body pain and soft tissue pain

Treatment – Specialist pain physical therapy, gentle graded activity and exercise, healthy non-inflammatory diet stress relief, anti – neuropathic medication, Medicinal Cannabis, and infusion therapy.

 

Condition – Spinal stenosis

Cause – Enlarged joints, thickening ligaments, and bony spurs causing narrowing of the spinal column

Treatment – Epidurals, facet joint injections, physical therapy, anti-inflammatory medication, surgery.

If you are suffering from either acute or chronic back pain and would like an assessment at the First Choice Medical Center with one of our specialist pain Consultants, please contact us on +15612968787.

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